History of music therapy
Music therapy originates from the origin of human history. Ancient people had to fight for survival in various ways, including magic: music was used as a means of dispersing diseases, along with rituals. In ancient times, music was a very simple action: tapping on a stone or wood in a certain rhythm. Well, the sounds of nature were undoubtedly serious helpers for the tribes.
Music treatment in ancient times
Especially music therapy was common in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, and Ancient Rome.
Serious gratitude should be expressed to the inhabitants of Ancient Greece, they believed in the healing properties of music and actively treated patients with it. How reverently the ancient Greeks treated this type of art is evidenced by the presence in their culture of the patroness of music-the Muse Euterpe. And the well-known Apollo was the God of medicine and music at the same time. Ancient theories formed the basis of the teachings about music therapy in the following centuries. People were forced to sing for several hours every day for medicinal purposes. Just imagine what an important role was assigned to this ritual!
Pythagoras, the greatest of the sages, officially declared the healing properties of music that have an impact on the mental and physical state of a person. He believed that vibrations from musical instruments are in resonance with the vibrations of the person, producing a “cellular massage”.
Plato considered singing an integral part of music therapy. However, his attitude to music for pleasure was very ambiguous. Such strict views were held by a famous philosopher.
Aristotle wrote about the influence of various musical instruments and trends, which also recognized the positive impact of music on human health. The ancient Greek philosopher is the inventor of the system of cleansing the soul from diseases through art. His ideas are still relevant in music psychology and psychotherapy to this day.
“Rhythm and melody contain the closest approach to a real representation of anger and meekness, courage and moderation, and all their opposite properties, as well as moral qualities. This is clear from experience: when we perceive the rhythm and melody with our ear, our mental mood changes.”
Treatment with music in the XIX century
In the nineteenth century, the psychiatrist Esquirol successfully applied music therapy in psychiatric hospitals in France.
XX century, the heyday of music therapy
After the first world war, this direction received mass development: European doctors actively began to use music, both in psychotherapy, and in the treatment of stomach ulcers, tuberculosis, and even used the sound of music as an anesthetic in dentistry and surgery. Obstetricians in Austria helped women to anesthetize childbirth with the sound of classical musical instruments.
In the second half of the XX century, it was proved that music actively affects the vital components of the body: breathing, the cardiovascular system, and blood circulation. It also leads to positive changes at the hormonal and biochemical level.
The attitude to the healing properties of music is changing by the end of the last century: there are schools of music therapy. One of them is in Sweden, based on Jung’s principle of resonance: the psyche and music. The patient mentally returns to the traumatic situation, and the music that affects him at this moment leads him to catharsis. The German school used a combination of music and sleep therapy. Research on music therapy is also increasing.
This is how humanity once again comes to the conclusion that music can affect both the physical and psychoemotional state of a person.
Music acts as communication, it helps to know yourself, your feelings and overcome experiences. Develop creativity and help in self-expression of the individual.
Immerse yourself in the musical and therapeutic atmosphere on our programs “Classical music therapy”.